COGENERATION / RENEWABLE ENERGIES
Since its inception, C.R.S. Impianti has always operated with the utmost attention to the design of its plant systems and its applications with advanced tools and methodologies. In particular, efficiency and energy savings have always been an absolute “must” on which the company has always focused its attention. The energy efficiency of the buildings, the use of state-of-the-art materials, the research on technological processes to support the industry, the exploitation of renewable sources such as geothermal and solar systems are topics under continuous discussion and application. The recent use of cogeneration processes applied to energy-oriented structures and industries are exploited by C.R.S. Impianti at considerable levels. Cogeneration consists in the simultaneous production of electricity and thermal energy within a single system starting from just one fuel source, of either a fossil or renewable nature. The production of electricity and thermal energy using separate processes does not usually allow the use of the heat produced by the combustion process, which is hence dissipated into the environment. Cogeneration, on the other hand, foresees the recovery and use of the heat produced by the combustion process, ensuring a more efficient use of the primary fuel source. A highly valid example of application of cogeneration is the production of electricity with a generator unit consisting of an endothermic engine coupled with an alternator. The heat generated by the combustion process of the endothermic engine is channelled to and used in a heat generator for the production of thermal energy in the form of vectors, such as:
> hot water or steam for various civil and industrial uses;
> cooled water downstream of a subsequent generation by means of refrigeration units.
The use of the generated heat makes it possible to define the system as a “cogeneration plant”, in the case of heat production alone, and a “trigeneration plant” in the case of heat production and cooling, and generally makes it possible to achieve an increase of the overall system performance.